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Fort Myers

16420 HealthPark Commons Dr.
Suite 100
Ft Myers, FL 33908

Cape Coral

126 Del Prado Blvd N
Suite 106
Cape Coral, FL 33909​

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Lehigh Acres

1120 Lee Blvd
Lehigh Acres, FL 33936

Fort Myers

16420 HealthPark Commons Dr. Ste 100, Ft Myers, FL 33908

Cape Coral

126 Del Pravo Blvd. North Suite 106 Cape Coral, FL 33909​

Lehigh Acres

1120 Lee Blvd, Lehigh Acres, FL 33936
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Table of Contents

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common disease. RLS can prevent people from falling asleep or staying asleep. It can lead to daytime tiredness and mood problems. There are many treatments available for this disease. Treatment options include several types of medicines as well as non-medication options.

KEY POINTS

Restless Leg symptoms include: Feeling a strong urge to move your legs when you are resting or sitting still. You also may have a creepy-crawly, tugging, itchy or tingly sensation.

Symptoms get better when you walk, stretch or kick. They may return once you stop moving.

Many people who have RLS also kick or jerk their legs while sleeping.

Symptoms are worse in the evening or nighttime hours.

Symptoms are not caused by leg cramps, muscles aches or arthritis.

Am I at Risk ?

Restless legs syndrome can occur at any age, but it is more common in older adults. RLS can be hereditary; about 50% of people with RLS have family members with the disease. People who are pregnant, have kidney disease, or other neurological diseases may be at higher risk of having RLS. People with anemia or low iron levels may have more severe RLS symptoms. Some drugs used to treat depression, nausea and allergies can make RLS symptoms worse.

GENERAL OVERVIEW

Restless legs syndrome affects about 7% of the population. About 3% of people experience moderate to severe symptoms. Symptoms of RLS can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. You may wake up and need to pace the floor to relieve symptoms. RLS may cause you to feel tired during the day. Some people with RLS also report worsening of anxiety or depression.
Researchers are trying to determine the exact cause of RLS. It may be caused by changes in certain brain chemicals, such as dopamine. RLS also may be genetic; it is more common among family members. RLS symptoms become more severe in people who have iron deficiency.
There is no specifc test to detect restless legs syndrome. Your doctor will review your symptoms and determine if you have the disease. Sometimes a sleep study is needed to determine if another sleep disorder is disturbing your sleep, but a sleep study is not necessary for the diagnosis of RLS.
Activities such as exercise, leg massages and warm baths can help reduce mild RLS symptoms. Prescription medications can be helpful if you have more severe symptoms. Your doctor will help you decide if a medication is the best option for you. Some medications need to be taken daily at the same time of day. Others need to be taken only when symptoms bother you. Your doctor may recommend iron supplements if your iron levels are low.

Tips

Eat a well-balanced diet including foods rich in iron.

Get some exercise every day.

Stretch or massage the legs when you notice RLS symptoms.

Use heating pads on your legs when you are awake or take a warm bath to reduce symptoms.

Reduce your level of stress.

Limit caffeine and alcohol and do not smoke. All of these can worsen RLS.

Next Steps

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: CONTENT DEVELOPED BY THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF SLEEP MEDICINE

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Somnas offers state-of-the-art diagnostic options to identify specific sleep disorders and manage them using the latest treatments and therapies with an individualized treatment plan to ensure long-term optimal outcomes.