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WHAT IS OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA?

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WHAT IS OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA
sleepeducation.org

Table of Contents

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects at least 25 million adults in the U.S. It is caused by the collapse of the airway in the back of the nose, mouth and throat during sleep.

KEY POINTS

Sleep apnea is a chronic disease that can cause poor quality sleep and affect mental, physical and sexual performance.

Severe, untreated sleep apnea increases your risk for health problems such as heart disease and stroke.

Excess body weight, a narrow airway, low muscle tone, and genetic predisposition are all risk factors for sleep apnea.

Common warning signs for sleep apnea include snoring, others noticing that your breathing pauses during sleep, and daytime sleepiness.

Sleep apnea can be treated effectively with CPAP therapy or an alternative treatment.

Am I at Risk ?

Excess body weight is the leading risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea, but thin people can have sleep apnea too. The risk also increases if you have a large neck, tongue, tonsils or jaw. Sleep apnea is more common in men than in women, but the risk for women increases during and after menopause. Sleep apnea is common in people who have high blood pressure. It also occurs frequently in people who have heart disease, stroke, a mood disorder or Type 2 diabetes.

GENERAL OVERVIEW

When your airway collapses during sleep, air cannot get to the lungs. This leads to a brief arousal from sleep that causes sleep fragmentation and poor sleep quality. This cycle can repeat hundreds of times in one night, but typically these events are not remembered in the morning.
Your bed partner may notice that you snore loudly or repeatedly stop breathing. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea can cause daytime sleepiness and can even affect your mood. It also increases the risk of obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, erectile dysfunction and depression.

TREATMENTS

The most common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP). CPAP therapy provides airflow through a mask worn at night. This airflow increases the air pressure in your airway to keep it open, and restores normal breathing. Alternative treatments for sleep apnea include:

Positional therapy: A special belt or alerting device helps you sleep on your side instead of on your back.

Oral appliance therapy: A custom-ft mouth guard stabilizes the jaw and moves it slightly forward to open the airway.

Oral pressure therapy: A small mouthpiece connected to a tube creates suction in the mouth, pulling the tongue forward and opening the airway.

Nasal valves: Disposable valves are applied to the nostrils nightly to create higher airway pressure, possibly keeping the airway open.

Upper airway stimulation: An implanted device delivers mild electrical stimulation to key airway muscles to prevent blockage.

Surgery: Targeted surgeries help you lose weight, align your jaw or remove soft tissue from your throat.

Tips

These tips can help reduce the severity of obstructive sleep apnea:

Lose weight and maintain a body mass index (BMI) of less than 25.

Avoid alcohol and sedative medications before bedtime.

Sleep on your side instead of on your back.

Exercise regularly.

Next Steps

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: CONTENT DEVELOPED BY THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF SLEEP MEDICINE

Southwest Florida Sleep Doctor, Sleep Disorder, sleep disorder center, Sleep Doctor Near Me, sleep apnea diagnosis

QUESTIONS ABOUT A SLEEP ISSUE? LET’S TALK.

Imtiaz Ahmad, MD, MPH, FCCP

Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad is a highly qualified physician, Board Certified in Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine. He has been actively serving the community of Lee County, Florida since 2004, with a strong focus on a proactive healthcare approach. Dr. Ahmad has received advanced training from some of the most prestigious institutions, including Harvard University, Cornell University, State University of New York at Brooklyn, and the University of Mississippi. SOMNAS is a medical facility that is committed to improving and maintaining the health of patients with sleep disorders. The expert team at SOMNAS is known for their compassionate and high-quality care. They offer unparalleled treatment and care to patients on the Gulf Coast of Florida, ensuring a better and healthier life for them.

Job Title: Board Certified in Pulmonary Medicine

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Sleep well, live well

Starting on October 11, 2023, Allergy Sleep & Lung Care (ASLC) will no longer be affiliated with GenesisCare due to their bankruptcy.

ASLC will be reopening as an independent practice at our Healthpark office on or after October 30, 2023.

Please don’t hesitate to reach out to us through any of the following contact channels:

Phone/text: 239-932-3023 / 239-437-6670

Email: 


 
A partir del 11 de octubre de 2023, Allergy Sleep & Lung Care (ASLC) ya no formará parte de GenesisCare debido a su quiebra.

ASLC volverá a abrir como una práctica independiente en nuestra oficina de Healthpark a partir del 30 de octubre de 2023 o después de esa fecha.

No dudes en ponerte en contacto con nosotros a través de cualquiera de los siguientes canales:

Teléfono/mensaje de texto: 239-932-3023 / 239-437-6670

Correo electrónico: 

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Somnas offers state-of-the-art diagnostic options to identify specific sleep disorders and manage them using the latest treatments and therapies with an individualized treatment plan to ensure long-term optimal outcomes.